The Opioid Crisis in Illinois
The opioid crisis in the United States is fuelled by numerous factors ranging from illicit use to an increase in the rate of opioid prescriptions. The state of Illinois has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the death rates due to opioid overdose and an exponential rise in the number of people using the drug. The opioid crisis in Illinois escalated to the extent that 80% 0f deaths due to overdose from drugs were from opioid abuse. The opioid crisis in America stems from the increasing rate of opioid prescriptions. According to reports, 45.2 prescriptions were distributed in every 100 patients in 2018, and this is recorded to be the lowest rate of opioid prescriptions since 2006.
The nature of America’s opioid crisis is widespread, with critical cases in local areas that have further exposed the medical healthcare gaps in remote locations. Following an opioid crisis map, the state of Illinois is bereaved of thousands of deaths related to opioids even as the death toll increases.
What Are The Consequences Of The Opioid Crisis In Illinois?
Opioid crisis statistics showed an opioid overdose death rate of 70% in the 46,802 deaths that were caused by substance abuse in 2018. Public awareness of drug use heightened as the death rate due to drug overdose in the United States tripled from the year 1999 to 2014. Other records shown by the Illinois Department Of Public Health (IDPH) recorded significant increases in the use of the drug from 2013 to 2016.
Consequences that followed the opioid crisis were especially prominent in other health sectors as labeled below:
Increase In IDU-based HIV Prevalence
The national opioid crisis took a malignant turn as many more HIV Cases were diagnosed to be caused by Injection Drug Use (IDU) and are highly prevalent among females. In Illinois, 4.4% of the total HIV cases in males were due to IDUs, while IDU-based HIV is the female population was up to 12.2%.
Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome (NOWS)
Cases of Neonatal abstinence syndrome increased due to the development of the opioid addiction crisis. Women who used opioids while pregnant had cases of neonates with withdrawal symptoms. At least 7 cases of Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome were reported in every 1,000 hospital birth in 2016. In 2017 the rate of NOWS in the state of Illinois was 3.1 in 1000 births.
What Is the Response of Illinois state To Opioid Epidemic?
Strategies have long been put in place on how to solve the opioid crisis in Illinois. All in line with the opioid crisis response act, to provide adequate health care to those affected by the disaster.
The first line of opioid crisis response is the administration of Naloxone and anti-overdose medication which suppresses the toxicity of opioids. This was stipulated in the Public Act, established in 2010 to tackle the US opioid crisis. The flexibility of the Decree made it legal for non-medical personnel to administer Naloxone to a person suffering from an opioid overdose.
To ensure that those who would administer the anti-overdose medication were experienced or authorized to do so, the IDHS with the DASA established the voluntary learning program- Drug Overdose Prevention Program (DOPP). The program aimed to train communities on the administration of Naloxone and how to gain access to the medication on emergencies.
Illinois solutions to the opioid crisis also included three main focus plans as strategic statewide intervention frameworks; these policies include:
Prevention against death
The key initiatives include the safe prescribing of opioids as well as its reduction, educating the general public on their choices in medication, and maintaining open communications to better understand the effects of prescription opioids and to identify prospects for interventions.
Treatment and support
Improving access to health care and supporting the ideals of the response act in order to alleviate the negative effect of the opioid crisis in the US.
Essential opioid crisis facts are that quick response as well as experience makes a whole lot of difference, and can be the determinant factor between life and death for an individual battling overdose on opioids. By increasing the number of trained response teams, the death rate of opioids can easily be diminished.
How to Stay Safe?
There are many other medications that can perform the same functions as opioids. One can talk to a physician on other safer alternatives. It is safer to reduce the occasion of use or abstain completely from the use of prescription opioids.